Versión Español Trastorno de TMJ

Our TMJ dental treatment in Tijuana has helped misdiagnosed patients with chronic pain that received treatment for migraines when in fact it was always a TMJ disorder.

The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) is responsible for uniting the mandible with the temporal bone of the skull, which is located on the sides of the head in front of the ears, and it is vital for us to move the mouth to perform daily activities such as talking and chewing.

It’s vital to have a TMJ diagnosis as soon as possible, in order to prevent fuller damage.

To know whether or not you need to resort to a TMJ treatment, this are some of the most common initiators:

  • Patients with Bruxism
  • Patients with signs and symptoms of temporomandibular dysfunction
  • Rehabilitation with important changes in the vertical dimension (height of the bite)
  • Occlusal hypervigilant (excessive ability to detect changes in bite)

Once the prosthetic rehabilitation treatment was finished, it is recommended to perform an adjustment or occlusal balance from the ATM and Occlusion specialist


Not only is it vital to make a good diagnosis, but it is also important to do it ASAP, because if the dysfunction progresses, the articular cartilage is at risk of becoming completely destroyed.

What causes TMJ disorders?

There are several factors that can cause a TMJ disorder, and in fact it’s very important to determine exactly what the cause of the disorder in question, and making a good diagnosis will be the guide of the treatment to be follow.

Among the main responsibility associated to the occurrence of such dysfunctions are:

  • Blows to the jaw
  • Yawning
  • Singing
  • Force opening the mouth when laughing
  • Bruxism (grinding or clenching of teeth)
  • Nail biting
  • Stress
  • Anxiety
  • Bad posture habits (like when we are at the computer or while practicing with some kind of instrument

What are the symptoms?

As the causes of TMJ disorders are many, the symptoms of these disorders are also quite varied, pain in the head, face, jaw, or behind the eyes, pain and/or beep in the ears, pain in the neck and back, teeth grinding, difficulty opening and/or closing the mouth, clicks when opening and closing the mouth, diruno fatigue, dizziness and vertigo, and insomnia.

Another point to be emphasized is that since it’s an uncommon disease it’s difficult to diagnose early, although this type of dysfunction are increasing rapidly.


Sometimes misdiagnosed patients with chronic pain receive treatment for migraines, trigeminal neuralgia, and otitis psychogenic pain, when in fact it was always a TMJ disorder.

What is the TMJ Dental Treatment to be followed?

As mentioned previously, a good diagnosis will determine the course of treatment, because depending on the specific case of each patient, the procedure will be followed. The main treatments we have in Dental Alvarez are:

Dentures is one of the main treatments performed for rehabilitating patients. A prosthetic rehabilitation, whether done by implants, bridges, crowns or dentures, causes changes in the patient’s bite. In a significant number of cases, the occlusion setting made while carrying out the installation of the prosthesis is sufficient to allow good oral situation.