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What is bone graft material made of?


There are several options available when it comes to dental bone grafting material, if you ever wonder what is bone graft material made of, know these are divided into groups or types, which one is better for you will depend on the type of bone graft surgery you will require to regenerate, restore and prepare for future implants placement, and the type preferred by your oral surgeon.
If your dentist has determined a bone graft will be required prior to a dental implant surgery make sure you ask what are your available options and the advantages and disadvantages of each option, this way you can be more informed and involved in your dental treatment.

What dentists need to take care of after bone trauma

Before jumping into the type of materials used, it helps to talk of the possible health issues that may affect the selection of the material with our specialized dentists in Tijuana. Patients in conjunction with their dentist need to check any of the following health circumstances:

  • Potential problems with their immune response
  • Gum tissue state
  • Possibility of a bacterial infection
  • Ensuring a tooth extraction would be or not be needed
  • Treat periodontal disease
  • Discard possible congenital bone defects
  • Help heal bone fractures

Type of bone graft materialsdentalalvarez-learn-about-what-is-bone-graft-material-made-of

As mentioned previously bone granting materials are divided into four groups, here are these groups and a brief explanation of each one:

  • Autologous graft: This type is known as ¨autograft¨ and the harvest technique is implemented, this means the bone is collected from a donating area of the same individual. This allows transplants of living cells, prevents the transmission of infectious diseases and there is no risk of immune rejection.
  • Homologous graft or allograft: These are made from individuals of the same species but that are generically different. Is better known as cadaver graft, this allows the oral surgeon to have immediate and unlimited amounts of bone in different sizes, shapes, and adequate amounts, plus they can be stored for a prolonged time. Even though is minimum there´s a risk of disease transmission for allograft receptors.
  • Heterologous graft or xenografts: These are obtained from individuals of different species: the alga, animals, and coral. They are considered free of risks; they are easy to obtain and the most common is the bovine bone deproteinized and chemically treated.
  • Alloplastic materials or grafts: They are manufactured through artificial processes and do not come from organic individuals. They are an alternative to avoid possible complications generated by allografts and xenografts. The most common are the bioactive crystals such as tricalcium beta phosphate and hydroxyapatite.

Having the best team of dental providers to perform dental implants in Tijuana, which helps to provide every patient with a better treatment plan for a successful and long-lasting solution. Determining which material will be needed depends on each individual’s specific case, which means the dentist must perform a thorough analysis. Especially when other dental problems need to be addressed, or any other health issues might need to be considered when selecting the bone graft material or the dental implant procedure best for you.

Your wellbeing is part of our priority

The healing time will not only depend on the type of bone graft surgery but also on the type of bone used to perform the actual surgery, under normal circumstances, it could be from three to four months. Considering all the different possibilities of a patient is crucial; our dentists in Tijuana make your smile our priority. Your health comes first, and we have the best team available to assist you in getting the smile you always wanted.

Get in contact with our specialists to see what we can do for you today!

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